Types of gerunds

  • Subjects.
  • Predicate Nominative.
  • Direct object.
  • Object of preposition.

Besides, How do you write a gerund sentence?

A gerund is an instance when a verb is being used in a very particular way – as a noun! You do this by changing the infinitive form of the verb, and adding “ing” at the end. For example, “eat” is changed to “eating”, or “write” is changed to “writing”.

Keeping this in mind, What are the 5 function of gerund? Many sentences can include a gerund, meaning that gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns.

What are the 5 uses of gerund?


Gerunds can be used after certain verbs including enjoy, fancy, discuss, dislike, finish, mind, suggest, recommend, keep, and avoid.

  • After prepositions of place and time. I made dinner before getting home. …
  • To replace the subject or object of a sentence. Lachlan likes eating coconut oil.

What is gerund and its 5 function?

A gerund is a type of verbal that ends in -ing and is used like a noun. Examples of gerunds include actions like chewing, writing, whispering, and snoring. Similar to infinitives, gerunds can also function as the subject of the sentence, the direct object, or as the subject complement.

What is gerund give two examples?

A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, “Running is fun.” In this sentence, “running” is the gerund.

What are the rules for using gerund?

Gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun in a sentence. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence.

Can you start a sentence with gerund?

Gerunds are often used at the beginning of a sentence, like “Fishing is my favorite sport” or “Seeing is believing.” Rewording sentences like that to avoid starting with an -ing word would result in pretty awkward flow.

What are the four functions of gerunds?

In general, there are four different ways that we use gerunds: as subjects, subject complements, direct objects, and objects of prepositions.

How do you identify a gerund and its function?

A gerund is a verb form that acts as a noun and ends in -ing. A gerund is often the subject of a sentence or clause, an object of a verb, or an object of a preposition. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and all its modifiers.

What is gerund and its types?

A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase.

Why are gerunds used?

The gerund allows us to refer to the action of the verb nominally, so it can be used as a subject or object. P.S. Not every word ending in -ing is a gerund. Some are participles, functioning as verbs, and some even function as gradable adjectives.

What is a gerund and how is it used?

A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, “Running is fun.” In this sentence, “running” is the gerund. It acts just like a noun. … You can only use a gerund after the verb “suggest.”

How many types of gerund are there?

Just like nouns and noun phrases, gerunds and gerund phrases can be used in several different ways in sentences. In general, there are four different ways that we use gerunds: as subjects, subject complements, direct objects, and objects of prepositions.

What a gerund is?

A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being.

What is gerund and participle?

Definition. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence.

When TO is followed by gerund?

You can check whether “to” is a preposition or part of the infinitive. If you can put the pronoun “it” after the word “to” and form a meaningful sentence, then the word “to” is a preposition and must be followed by a gerund.

What are gerunds Class 8?

A gerund is a verbal noun. Gerunds always end in -ing (walking, thinking, sleeping, playing etc.,). As a noun, it stands alone in the sentence.

Is it bad to start sentence with gerund?

An “-ing” word at the start of a sentence is not wrong, if it is used in the correct way. Often authors use an “-ing” word, also called a gerund, to avoid using the word “I” too much.

Can I start a sentence with an ING?

3 Answers. Starting a sentence with a word ending in -ing is perfectly ordinary, accepted, unremarkable English. Beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph; gerund, participle, or simply a word with that particular spelling— it does not matter.

Can I start a sentence with ING verb?

Yes, you can! In fact you can start a sentence with almost any word. … Examples include like, such as, who, which – and yes, -ing words are risky. Of course it’s correct to start a sentence with a word ending in –ing: But you risk writing a sentence fragment or a dangling modifier.

What is the function of a gerund phrase?

A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund, such as: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence.

What role does a gerund play in parts of speech?

A gerund is one of three types of verbals. A verbal is formed using a verb, but it functions as a different part of speech in the sentence. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. … They can function as subjects, direct objects, objects of the preposition, and predicate nouns.

What is the function of a modal?

A modal is a type of auxiliary (helping) verb that is used to express: ability, possibility, permission or obligation. Modal phrases (or semi-modals) are used to express the same things as modals, but are a combination of auxiliary verbs and the preposition to.