Athens’ strengths included its large size, large trireme navy, wealth, and democratic government. Athens’ weaknesses included its unwritten laws, lack of unity at the beginning, insatiable hunger for new territories, and constant power struggles with other poleis.

Then, What language is polis for police?

From English police, from Middle French police, from Latin politia (“state, government”), from Ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía).

What were the weaknesses of the polis system? A clear disadvantage of the Greek poleis was their small size. By being surrounded by other Greek states and neighboring empires (i.e. Persia), the poleis often found themselves at war. Furthermore, poleis often experienced revolution, rebellion, and overthrows of power.

Keeping this in consideration, What were the strengths and weaknesses of Sparta?

Sparta was very violent and all they thought about was having the strongest military. The weaknesses of Sparta outweigh the strengths because the Spartans lacked education, boys were taken away from their families at a young age, and they were very abusive. To begin with, Spartans lacked advanced education.

Which country spells Polis?

Polis is the ancient Greek concept of the city-state or body of citizens.

What was the most powerful Greek city state?

Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.

Who did the Spartans enslave?

Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

Who defeated ancient Sparta?

A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.

What were the disadvantages of Sparta?

Sparta was weak because they had harsh military training for their young, they abused their children, and they lacked in education. Firstly, Sparta had harsh military training for their children. In Sparta, you were taken away at the age of 8 and you would stay in training until you are 21.

What were Athens disadvantages?

The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens. This horrible plague killed the Athenian leader Pericles along with many other Athenians, which took a huge toll on their morale. The plague also led to social unrest and lack of unity.

Why did Zeus eat his wife?

In some versions of Greek mythology, Zeus ate his wife Metis because it was known that their second child would be more powerful than him. After Metis’s demise, their first child Athena was born when Hephaestus cleaved Zeus’s head open and the goddess of war emerged, fully grown and armed.

How many Athenians died because of the plague?

The plague killed an estimated 75,000 to 100,000 people, around one quarter of the population, and is believed to have entered Athens through Piraeus, the city’s port and sole source of food and supplies.

What were the 5 most powerful city-states in ancient Greece?

Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi. Thebes was known to switch sides during times of war. Ancient Greek city-states were controlled by monarchies, councils of oligarchies, or through democracy.

What were slaves called in Sparta?

They were the helots, the subjugated and conquered people, the slaves of Sparta. Nobody knows exactly what the term “Helot” actually means. Some say it came from the village called Helos that was conquered by the angry Spartans.

What was the biggest shame that a Spartan soldier could experience in battle?

What was the biggest shame that a Spartan soldier could experience in battle? To lose his shield.

Who are stronger Vikings or Spartans?

The Spartans were better drilled as a fighting force than their Viking counterparts. As a unit the Spartans would have fought better against an organised Viking force. If it came to a one on one fight, the Viking warrior would have beaten the Spartan warrior as his weaponry was superior in a stand up contest.

Who is to blame for Athens defeat?

Within four years, the Athenians overthrew the “Thirty Tyrants” and restored their democracy. Looking for someone to blame for the loss to Sparta, the Athenians placed Socrates on trial. He was found guilty of corrupting the minds of young Athenians, and not believing in the gods.

What made Athens so rich?

The region of Attica is not highly fertile, leading to Athens becoming a city highly dependent on its external links to colonies and trade. The bases of city wealth helped Athens use that wealth in subsequent events to shape all of the Greek worlds.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

Did Sparta ever lose a war?

The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.

What is Sparta called today?

Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia.

Did Athens ever defeat Sparta?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.

Why is Sparta better than Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

What disadvantages did Sparta have over Athens?

Disadvantages  The boys were taken away from their families and trained to become gladiators and warriors.  All Male Spartan citizens that where aged 20-60 where put in the Spartan army.  The weak and feeble newborn infants were to die by putting them in a chasm and the strong and healthy ones survived.

What are the advantages of living in Sparta?

Terms in this set (36)

  • Strong land army, protection. Sparta advantage.
  • Women could own property. Sparta advantage.
  • Women had freedom. Sparta advantage.
  • Strength/training. Sparta advantage.
  • Possibly could make faster decisions. Sparta advantage.
  • Democracy. Athens advantage.
  • Powerful, able to conquer. …
  • Surrounded by hostile city-states.