Indo-European languages

  • Anatolian. Now extinct, Anatolian languages were spoken during the 1st and 2nd millennia bce in what is presently Asian Turkey and northern Syria. …
  • Greek. Greek, despite its numerous dialects, has been a single language throughout its history. …
  • Italic. …
  • Germanic. …
  • Armenian. …
  • Tocharian. …
  • Celtic. …
  • Balto-Slavic.

Similarly, What are the three main language families in Europe?

Out of a total European population of 744 million as of 2018, some 94% are native speakers of an Indo-European language; within Indo-European, the three largest phyla are Romance, Germanic, and Slavic with more than 200 million speakers each, between them accounting for close to 90% of Europeans.

Additionally, Which Indian languages are Indo-European? Other Indo-European languages with official status in individual states are Assamese, in Assam; Bengali, in West Bengal and Tripura; Gujarati, in Gujarat; Kashmiri, in Jammu and Kashmir; Konkani, in Goa; Marathi, in Maharashtra; Nepali, in portions of northern West Bengal; Oriya, in Odisha; and Punjabi, in Punjab.

What is the most spoken Indo-European language?

The most widely spoken Indo-European languages by native speakers are Spanish, Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), English, Portuguese, Bengali, Punjabi, and Russian, each with over 100 million speakers, with German, French, Marathi, Italian, and Persian also having more than 50 million.

Is English a Indo-European language?

The English language is an Indo-European language in the West Germanic language group. Modern English is widely considered to be the lingua franca of the world and is the standard language in a wide variety of fields, including computer coding, international business, and higher education.

What are the main language families of Europe?

Most languages in Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. This family is divided into a number of branches, including Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Celtic, Armenian and Hellenic.

What are the 3 largest language families?

Language Families With The Highest Number Of Speakers

Rank Language Family Estimated Speakers
1 Indo-European 2,910,000,000
2 Sino-Tibetan 1,268,000,000
3 Niger-Congo 437,000,000
4 Austronesian 386,000,000

9 juil. 2018

What language families are spoken in Europe?

Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Hellenic, and Celtic languages all belong to the Indo-European language family, and the top-level family of branches of non-Indo-European languages is always given in parentheses (except for Basque, which is a language family itself).

Is Tamil an Indo-European language?

Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu, the four major languages spoken there, are Dravidian languages. They are structurally unrelated to the languages of northern India, which are Indo-European.

Is Urdu an Indo-European language?

Urdu language, member of the Indo-Aryan group within the Indo-European family of languages. Urdu is spoken as a first language by nearly 70 million people and as a second language by more than 100 million people, predominantly in Pakistan and India. … Notably, Urdu and Hindi are mutually intelligible.

Is Sanskrit Indo-European?

One of the oldest Indo-European languages for which substantial documentation exists, Sanskrit is believed to have been the general language of the greater Indian Subcontinent in ancient times. It is still used today in Hindu religious rituals, Buddhist hymns and chants, and Jain texts.

Is Russian Indo-European?

Russian (русский язык, tr. It is a part of the Indo-European language family, and is one of four living East Slavic languages, and also part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch. …

Is Turkish Indo-European?

Researchers identify present day Turkey as origin of Indo-European languages. By using novel methods developed for tracing the origins of virus outbreaks, researchers say they have identified present-day Turkey as the homeland of the Indo-European language family.

Is German an Indo-European language?

German belongs to the West Germanic group of the Indo-European language family, along with English, Frisian, and Dutch (Netherlandic, Flemish).

Is English an Isogloss?

There are a number of common isoglosses for English dialects. … There are regions where two major areas adjoin and where dialect contact has led to mixed forms of language arising over relatively long period of time.

What are the 2 main language families of Europe?

The Language s of Europe

There are three main language families in Europe. The largest is the Indo-European language family, with six sub-families represented in Europe. The second is the Finno-Ugric family, with three languages represented in Northeast Europe and eastern Europe.

What is the main language in Europe?

English is still the most spoken language in the EU by far, with German now spoken by 36% of citizens and French spoken by 29% of the EU’s new smaller population of 446 million people. Italian comes fourth at 18%, followed by 17% for Spanish.

What is the language family of eastern Europe?

Slavic languages, also called Slavonic languages, group of Indo-European languages spoken in most of eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.

What are the largest language families in the world?

Based on speaker count, Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan are the largest two language families, with over 4.6 billion speakers between them. The two most spoken languages are in these families – English is classified as Indo-European, and Mandarin Chinese is classified as Sino-Tibetan.

What are the 3 types of language?

Expressive language: How babies communicate to others through increasingly sophisticated speech and expanded vocabulary. Pragmatic language: All the subtle facets of language — facial expressions, body movements, tone, volume, inflection, ideas about when to speak and for how long.

Which are the two largest language families?

Although the Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan language families two of the largest in the world, linguists have categorized more than one hundred language families around the globe.

What language is spoken most in Europe?

English is still the most spoken language in the EU by far, with German now spoken by 36% of citizens and French spoken by 29% of the EU’s new smaller population of 446 million people. Italian comes fourth at 18%, followed by 17% for Spanish.

What is the second most spoken language family in Europe?

English is the most spoken second language in Europe followed by German and French. Turkish is the official language of Turkey with 70 million native Turkish speakers on the continent.