mountain peak
———- ——–
serac puy
promontory headland
scar barranca
barranco overhang

Subsequently, What are the names of the 3 volcanoes?

There are three types of volcanoes: cinder cones (also called spatter cones), composite volcanoes (also called stratovolcanoes), and shield volcanoes.

Also, What are the 5 parts of a volcano?

The main parts of a volcano include the magma chamber, conduits, vents, craters and slopes.

What is the scientific name for volcano?

Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism). The term volcanology is derived from the Latin word vulcan. Vulcan was the ancient Roman god of fire.

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What is the Centre of a volcano called?

central vent

What is another name for volcano?

– bluff.
– cliff.
– elevation.
– peak.
– pile.
– ridge.
– height.
– pyramid.

What are the 3 most active volcanoes in the world?

The most active volcanoes in the world Kilauea volcano on Hawaii is the world’s most active volcano, followed by Etna in Italy and Piton de la Fournaise on La Réunion island.

What are the 5 types of volcanoes?

Composite, shield, cinder cones, and supervolcanoes are the main types of volcanoes. Composite volcanoes are tall, steep cones that produce explosive eruptions.

What are the 4 stages of a volcano?

Volcano eruptions go through several stages typically beginning with earthquake swarms and gas emissions, then moving to initial steam and ash venting, lava dome buildup, dome collapse, magmatic explosions, more dome growth interspersed with dome failures and finally, ash, lava and pyroclastic eruptions.

What is the most deadly volcano?

– Tambora, Indonesia (1815) The largest recorded volcanic eruption in history, Tambora caused enough starvation and disease to kill approximately 80,000 people. …
– Krakatau, Indonesia (1883) …
– Pelée, Martinique (1902) …
– Ruiz, Colombia (1985) …
– Unzen, Japan (1792)

What are the 3 parts of a volcano?

The three main parts of a volcano are the chamber, the vent, and the crater. The chamber is where the magma is stored. Magma is the molten rock that…

What is the hollow at the top of a volcano called?

At the top of the volcano, at its highest point, is a crater. Some volcanoes have something called a caldera. A caldera forms when a volcano gets hollow and then collapses on itself. A caldera could look like a large indentation on the side of the volcano or it could happen at the very top.

What is the most powerful volcano in the world?

Mauna Loa’s

How do volcanoes form step by step?

When rock from the mantle melts, moves to the surface through the crust, and releases pent-up gases, volcanoes erupt. Extremely high temperature and pressure cause the rock to melt and become liquid rock or magma. When a large body of magma has formed, it rises thorugh the denser rock layers toward Earth’s surface.

What is the funnel shaped opening at the top of a volcano?


What is a central volcano?

Central volcanoes are the simplest kind of volcano. A long pipe reaches up from the magma chamber deep below the surface. Here the rock is molten and under great pressure. … Instead it flows from the volcano vent and is called lava. Together, ash and lava make the volcano cone higher.

What are the parts and functions of each part of a volcano?

Sill – A flat piece of rock formed when magma hardens in a crack in a volcano. Vent – An opening in Earth’s surface through which volcanic materials escape. Flank – The side of a volcano. Lava – Molten rock that erupts from a volcano that solidifies as it cools.

What is a volcano for kids?

A volcano is formed when hot molten rock, ash and gases escape from an opening in the Earth’s surface. The molten rock and ash solidify as they cool, forming the distinctive volcano shape shown here. As a volcano erupts, it spills lava that flows downslope. Hot ash and gases are thrown into the air.

What are the 5 biggest volcanoes?

– 1 – Mount Tambora.
– 2 – Mount Krakatoa. …
– 3 – Mount Pelée. …
– 4 – Mount Ruiz. …
– 5 – Mount Vesuvius. In Italy in AD 79, this volcano devastated the nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. …

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